How to Do Shade in Pencil

how to do shade pencil drawing

There are many different techniques for drawing with a pencil. You can use stippling, point shading, side shading, or directional shading. However, you should keep in mind that there are some fundamental skills that you need to master first. This article will show you some of those basics, as well as some additional tips for improving your art.

Directional shading

There are a number of ways to shade your work using a pencil. Some work better for certain subjects. However, the most basic technique is a straight one-directional stroke. The goal is to use this stroke in a manner that creates a sense of depth in your work.

Another important aspect of shading is the direction you use. Many beginners don’t shade in the correct direction. This can result in uneven distribution of pigment and streaky lines. It is a good idea to check your drawing as a whole before applying any shading techniques.

If you are working on a flat surface, you can achieve a smoother finish by holding your pencil at an angle. You can also control the direction of your strokes by making longer ones. In addition, you should overlap whenever possible.

Cross-hatching is a common shading technique. It can be used to darken midtone areas and to lighten highlights. Using this technique can create a realistic effect of light.

Contour shading is another option for shading a three-dimensional object. It is a technique that can be used in conjunction with line weight. By adding extra pressure to lighter regions of the drawing, you can create more vivid colors.

When using directional shading, you need to keep in mind that the darker your marks, the harder they are to erase. If you use too much pressure on a lighter area of the drawing, it can result in broken lines. Instead, try a more relaxed approach.

Using a sharp pencil can provide more vibrant colors. While you can use a hard graphite for a smoother transition, you should choose a soft graphite if you are looking for a more natural look.

Point shading

If you want to learn how to do point shading in pencil, there are a few basic principles you should know. You will need to follow the correct direction in order to add the most depth to your drawing.

First, decide whether you will use a point or a side of your pencil. Using the point of your pencil will provide more flexibility. This will allow you to make creative choices when you are shading.

Using the side of your pencil can help you draw more smooth lines, while a point can give you a grainier look. Whether you choose to use the point or the side of your pencil will depend on your personal preference.

Shading is one of the most important skills to master when you are trying to learn how to draw. This technique helps you create the illusion of a three-dimensional space. It also allows you to add texture to your drawings.

In addition, you need to understand how to draw the shadows and highlights. The most important rule is to avoid creating a dark line through the area of tone.

Besides being obvious, shading is a great way to show the difference between light and dark areas in your drawing. You can also use a variety of pens to vary the pressure you apply. Depending on the type of paper you are working on, you may be able to layer several layers of graphite over the surface.

A smooth paper will not allow you to draw multiple layers of graphite. Alternatively, you can draw small overlapping circles, similar to the brillo pad technique. However, this will require you to use a light touch.

Side shading

If you are interested in learning how to do side shading in pencil, you need to understand how light and shade work. This is essential if you want to create the illusion of three-dimensional space in your drawings.

During your drawing process, you will need to make sure that you are applying the correct amount of pressure. If you are pressing too hard with your pencil, it will damage the paper’s surface. You may also end up with marks that are difficult to remove.

One of the most important things to learn how to do side shading in pencil is to know where the light source is. There are a few ways to do this, but most artists choose to work from light to dark.

The light source can be a candle, lamp or natural sunlight. Lights can be positioned high above the object or below it.

The light source can also dictate the position of deep shadows. Shading isn’t always obvious, but you will be able to see the direction that your pencil marks are going.

In addition to understanding how light and shade work, you need to be able to draw accurately. A good way to do this is to practice on a separate piece of paper. Make sure to use a soft pencil to start.

When using a dark pencil, you should also try to make the lines as smooth as possible. This will ensure that the picture looks realistic. Keep in mind that darker pencils have less depth, so you will need to use a lighter grade if you need to create a darker tone.

Shading two contrasting colours is another way to learn how to do side shading in pencil. By blending them seamlessly, you can create an interesting effect.

Stippling shading

Stipple shading is a useful technique to achieve many different tonalities. It also gives your drawings some texture. However, the process is time consuming. Depending on the size and density of your pieces, it can take a while. There are some things you can do to speed up the process.

To start with, try to divide your subject into a few smaller sections. This will help narrow down your focus and make the creative process easier. Once you’ve got a good sense of how the value scale works, move on to more complicated subjects.

You can also practice your stipple drawing skills by using a free exercise sheet. These are available online. For best results, try to use an ink pen instead of a graphite pencil.

As you start your stippling, try to keep your hands relaxed. You can get away with slightly sloppy commas and tails if you keep a steady hand.

Use the stippler’s trick, or the value scale, to create a series of dots. The density of your stipple marks will determine the appearance of your shading. Dots should be close together to produce a shadow, but farther apart for a lighter shade.

Next, try to create a gradient. By increasing the number of dots you add to the area, you will make it darker. Start by placing a few dots at a time and increase the numbers over time.

Finally, blend the dots to make your drawing look smoother. You can do this by swiping your finger or a brush. If you don’t have a brush, you can use paper. Remember to make a few swiping passes before you go too far to see the blending effect.

Hatching and cross-hatching

Using cross hatching and shading techniques can help you create depth and textures in your work. These two techniques are used to create tonal value in pencil drawings. The lightest areas of your drawing will be near the light source, while darker areas will have more dark lines.

Cross hatching is one of the most common methods for shading. It is a technique that produces precise marks, and it is also easy to master. You can use it in simple or complex shapes.

Cross hatching can also be a great way to add a gradient effect. Darker areas should be worked into, while lighter areas should be left untouched.

To begin, make sure you know how to determine the areas of shadow. Use a non-photo blue pencil to prevent lines from fading or drifting.

Next, draw an outline for your artwork. Cross hatching involves drawing a series of parallel lines at right angles to one another. Each set of lines can be drawn in layers, and the layers can be layered to increase the intensity of the shading.

Alternatively, you can try overlapping patterns. This method will allow you to experiment with different values and thicknesses of lines.

If you want to create a more realistic look, try a jagged style of hatching. This type of hatching is usually done with a thicker pen.

You can use this technique to fill in areas of your drawing, or you can use it to represent forms, like a leaf. When you do, be sure to bend your lines so they conform to the shape of the object.

Lastly, try using squiggles to darken certain parts of your drawing. This technique is especially useful for creating texture.